Giza Pyramids - Sakkara - Memphis (57 km)
Today, we will visit the Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx, arriving by camel. Then, we will visit the step pyramid of Saqqara, the oldest in Egypt, and the ancient capital of Memphis.
Cairo, Egypt's sprawling capital, is set on the Nile River. Nearby, Giza is site of the iconic pyramids and Great Sphinx, dating to the 26th century B.C.E. In Gezira Island's leafy Zamalek district, 187m Cairo Tower affords panoramic city views.
Great Sphinx of Giza
The Great Sphinx rises above the desert majestically as the tallest monolith statue in the world. It was built during the Old Kingdom of Egypt, usually dated between 2558-2532 BCE, under the reign of Pharaoh Khafra.
Pyramid of Khafre
The Pyramid of Khafre is the second largest of the Giza Pyramids. It is estimated to have been built around 2570 BC. It was first fully explored in 1837 AD by John Perring.
Pyramid of Khufu
The oldest, largest, and most famous of the 3 pyramids at Giza, the Great Pyramid was built around 2560 BC in the 4th Egyptian Dynasty. For 3,800 years, it was the largest man-made structure in the world.
Memphis was the ancient capital of Aneb-Hetch, the first nome of Lower Egypt. Its ruins are located near the town of Mit Rahina, 20 km (12 mi) south of Giza. According to legend related by Manetho, the city was founded by the pharaoh Menes.
Saqqara was the most famous of the necropoleis, ancient graveyards, in Memphis, the capital city of ancient Egypt. It features some famous pyramids, including Djoser, the Step pyramid.
Standard Hotel: Pyramids park/similar
Deluxe Hotel: Movenpick Hotel Cairo Pyramids/similar
Nile Cruise: Kom Ombo & Edfu Temples (179 km)
Our cruise will sail to Edfu after passing the lock of Esna. Then, we will visit a well-preserved temple to the god Horas and the Temple of Kom Ombo. We will also visit the Crocodile Museum before continuing with our cruise.
Temple of Kom Ombo
This double temple was built between 180-47 BC during the Ptolemaic dynasty. The southern part of the temple is dedicated to Sobek, the crocodile god and creator of the world, while the southern half is dedicated to Horus the Elder.
Standard Hotel: Ms/Sara (Nile Cruise)
Deluxe Hotel: M/S Nile Dolphin/M.Sconcerto/Nile Premium (Nile Cruise)
Luxor - Valley of the Kings - Luxor Temple
Today, we will visit the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut and the Valley of the Kings on the west bank of Luxor. Then, we will see the Colossi of Memnon before enjoying lunch onboard the cruise. Then, we will head to the east bank to visit Luxor Temple and the Temple of Karnak.
Luxor is a city on the east bank of the Nile River in Egypt. It's on the site of ancient Thebes, the pharaohs' capital at the height of their power, during the 16th-11th centuries B.C.E.
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
Nestled into a set of cliffs in the ancient city of Thebes, now modern day Luxor, this ancient temple is dedicated to the god Amen-Ra. It is considered the closest ancient Egyptians came to the Calssical style of architecture.
Valley of the Kings
This valley is named because during a period of about 500 years, several Egyptian pharaohs were buried here. It is one of the most significant Egyptian archaeological sites.
Colossi of Memnon
These two massive stone statues near Luxor have stood for nearly 3,400 years, marking the entrance to the ancient Theban necropolis. Both statues depict the pharaoh Amenhotep III and are made of quartzite sandstone.
This vast complex of ruined temples was once the great Egyptian city of Thebes. It is a vast, open-air museum where visitors can see a cross-section into many eras of ancient Egyptian culture.
This large temple complex was the grand monument in ancient Thebes. Constructed around 1400 BCE, various sections were built under the rule of the famous pharaohs Tutankhamen and Ramesses II.
Standard Hotel: Nile Cruise